Verbena stricta, Hoary vervain, New! Native Perennial Wildflower


Verbena stricta, Hoary vervain, New! Native Perennial Wildflower

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Verbena stricta, Hoary vervain, New! Native Perennial Wildflower
Attractive Flowers:
Average to moist soil:
Average well drained soil:
Beneficial Insects:
Clay Soil- High clay content, fine texture:
FAC- Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands:
FACU – Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands:
Full – Part Sun (6+ hours of sun):
Herbaceous plant:
Herbal / Medicinal Uses:
High Wildlife Value:
Loamy Soil- mostly silt, sand, some clay:
Medicinal Uses:
Moist Soil:
Native to Coastal Regions:
Native To Mountain Regions:
Native to Piedmont Regions:
Part – Full Shade (less than 4 hours):
Part Sun – Part Shade :
Pollinator support:
Sandy soil, coarse texture:
Small Mammals:
Full Sun:
Botanic Name (s): Verbena stricta

Common Name(s): Hoary vervain

This short-lived perennial plant is up to 3½’ tall, branching occasionally. The stems are light green to dull reddish purple and they are heavily covered with long white hairs. The opposite leaves are up to 4″ long and 3″ across; they are oval-ovate or obovate and coarsely serrated along the margins. The whitish green leaves are covered with fine white hairs (especially on their lower sides), and they are either sessile or have short petioles. In addition to the pinnate venation, each leaf has a reticulated network of smaller veins. The upper stems terminate in hairy floral spikes. These spikes are 1-8″ long and densely crowded with pink or lavender flowers (usually the latter). The floral spikes bloom from the bottom up; relatively few flowers are in bloom at the same time. Each flower is about ¼” across or a little wider, consisting of a short corolla with a narrow opening and 5 spreading lobes, a small calyx with narrow teeth, and the reproductive organs. The calyx is grayish green to reddish purple and hairy. There is no floral scent. The blooming period occurs from mid- to late summer, and lasts about 1½ months. Four brown nutlets are produced per flower. The root system consists of a taproot, which may tiller from the base (sending up multiple stems). This plant reproduces by reseeding itself.

Many kinds of insects are attracted to the flowers, including long-tongued bees, green metallic bees, thread-waisted wasps, bee flies, thick-headed flies, butterflies, and skippers. Among the long-tongued bees, the flowers attract such visitors as honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees, cuckoo bees (Triepeolus spp.), miner bees (Melissodes spp.), and leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.). A specialist visitor of the flowers is Calliopsis verbenae (Verbena Bee).