Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis, Common elderberry 12-18″


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Botanic Name (s):    Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis,

Common Name(s):   Common elderberry, American Black elderberry, American Elder

Mature height :6-12′

Mature spread:6-12′

Flower Color/ Bloom Time :   White / May

Fruit:            Red berry / June-July

Fall Color:Yellow green

Sun Exposure:     Full Shade

Soil moisture:    Dry   Average    Moist

Soil Ph:6.1-8.5

Soil Type:

Loamy Soil- mostly silt, sand, some clay

Native Habitat:     Rich woods, dry rocky woods, along creeks, rock crevices, sheltered coves, ravines

Notes:         Important summer wildlife food, one of earliest blooming shrubs, fragrant

High Wildlife Value:    Beneficial Insects          Butterflies       Hummingbirds     SongbirdsSmall Mammals

UPL- Almost never occur in wetlands

Native To Mountain Regions

Threatened / Endangered:         Connecticut

Native Shrub