Chamaenerion angustifolium – Fireweed, New!! Native Meadow Perennial Wildflower


Chamaenerion angustifolium – Fireweed, New!! Native Meadow Perennial Wildflower
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Chamaenerion angustifolium – Fireweed, New!! Native Meadow Perennial Wildflower
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf Fireweed, Willow Herb
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
Synonym(s): Chamaenerion angustifolium, Chamerion angustifolium var. angustifolium, Chamerion spicatum, Epilobium angustifolium, Epilobium angustifolium var. intermedium, Epilobium spicatum
USDA Symbol: chana2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
Narrow-leaf fireweed is a showy, clumped perennial, commonly growing 3-5 ft. tall. The erect stems are usually reddish, have numerous elongate, alternate leaves, and end in a tapering spike of rosy-purple flowers. Flowers have four petals and are 1 in. across. The seeds, which are windborne by a tuft of hairs, are produced in slender pods that open from the top downward.
Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom Information
Bloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
USA: AK , MT , WA , WY
Canada: BC , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: AK & sub-artic Canada, s. to MD, mts. to NC & TN, n. OH, n.e. IA, Black Hills, NM & CA
Native Habitat: Dry clearings; burned woodlands; roadsides; low, wet places
Growing Conditions
Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Well-drained, moist to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: It derives its name from the fact that it quickly invades burned out forests to form dense masses of color. This plant must have sun.
Use Wildlife: Butterflies, Bees
Use Food: Older stems have been split lengthwise to scrape out the soft, edible centre (pith) and to prepare the tough stem fibres for making them into twine and fishnets. (Kershaw). The very young shoots and leaves can be eaten as cooked greens. (Niering)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes